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Mozambique on the coast of Southeastern Africa, with a population of roughly 28 million and its capital in Maputo. The nation is bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa, as well as having Madagascar and the Comoros islands off its coast. The country has been independent since 1975 and has suffered under decades of civil war which has a significant impact on the country to this day. Past and present conflict has led Mozambique to be one of the poorest and most underdeveloped in the world.

Tuberculosis in the country
Before its civil war, the Mozambican healthcare system was widely seen as an example for developing nations. However, internal violent struggles resulted shortages of food and water and healthcare in Mozambique struggles to cope with high birthrates combined with high levels of Malaria and HIV. The fight against Tuberculosis led to decreasing mortality rates for most of the first decade of the 21st century yet since 2010, TB mortality rates have been on a trend upwards. In 2015, 21000 Mozambicans died of TB with an additional 34000 dying as a result of a combination of HIV and TB.

KNCV Activities in the country
Mozambique is a country where the Challenge TB program is active. Challenge TB is USAID’s flagship global mechanism for implementing USAID’s TB Strategy and is led by KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, who also led USAID’s previous TB Control projects TB CARE I, TB CAP and TBCTA.