The Kingdom of Swaziland is one of the smallest nations in Africa, neighbored by Mozambique and South Africa. The country was first established in the eighteenth century and gained its current independence in 1968. Since the nineties Swaziland has gradually reformed it’s political system, resulting in the introduction of the current constitution in 2005. The Swazi population of 1.1 million are recovering from a 2011 economic crisis and face serious public health issues such as high incidence of HIV and Tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis in the country
Swaziland is in the list of high-burden countries for TB/HIV coinfection. People living with HIV often suffer TB/HIV coinfection, with around 74% of these HIV-positive people with TB living in sub-Saharan Africa. With HIV/AIDS ranking as a one of the leading causes of death in Swaziland, investments in TB care can help HIV control efforts in reducing mortality. Although mortality rates among tuberculosis patients has been declining over recent years, significant efforts are still required in order to maintain the decline and control the TB epidemic in the country.
KNCV Activities in the country
As part of the Dutch Government funded Improving TB/HIV Prevention & Care, building models for the future-project, KNCV provides long-term technical assistance to the Swazi National TB program. Through work on the ground, KNCV aims for more effective use of available Global Fund funding in order to control and eventually eliminate tuberculosis.